What Are Solar Panels?

The sun is the first supply of energy on Earth and sunlight could be converted directly into electricity utilizing solar panels. Electrical energy has grow to be indispensable in life. It powers the machines that the majority us use daily.

So, what are solar panels? What in case you can create your own?

In this article, we’ll show you a straightforward methodology of building your individual useful photo voltaic panel.


A photo voltaic panel is often manufactured from six (6) components namely the PV (photovoltaic) cell or photo voltaic cell which generates the electricity, the glass which covers and protects the photo voltaic cells, the frame which provides rigidity, the backsheet the place the solar cells are laid, the junction box where the wirings are enclosed and related, and the encapsulant which serves as adhesives.

Since most individuals does not have access to tools in manufacturing photo voltaic panels, it is very important note and perceive these six elements in order for anybody to be able to plan the materials wanted to create a do-it-your self or residence-made photo voltaic panel.

The supplies needed on how you can make a solar panel must be available for buy locally or on-line and mustn’t exceed the price of a model new photo voltaic panel or does not take a long time to build.

1.) PV Cell

The first thing to consider when building your personal solar panel is the solar cell.

Photovoltaic (PV) cell or photo voltaic cell converts visible light into electricity. One (1) solar cell nonetheless shouldn’t be sufficient to provide a usable amount of electrical energy very similar to the microbot in Baymax (Hero 6) which only turns into useful when combined as a group. This basic unit generates a DC (direct present) voltage of 0.5 to 1 volt and though this is reasonable, the voltage is still too small for most applications. To provide a useful DC voltage, the photo voltaic cells are connected in sequence and then encapsulated in modules making the solar panel. If one cell generates 0.5 volt and is linked to another cell in series, those cells ought to then be able to supply 1 volt and so they can then be called a module. A typical module often consists of 28 to 36 cells in series. A 28-cell module should be able to provide roughly 14 volts (28 x 0.5 = 14VDC) which is enough to cost a 12V battery or power 12V devices.

Connecting two or more photo voltaic cells require that you have a fundamental understanding of sequence and parallel connection which is much like connecting batteries to make up a battery storage system.

There are most common solar cells that may be bought in the market; a monocrystalline cell and a polycrystalline cell. These can have the identical size, 156mm x 156mm, but the principle distinction would be efficiency. It is important to purchase additional cells to serve as backup in case you fail on some of the cells i.e. bad solder, damaged cell, scratched, etc.

Monocrystalline photo voltaic cells are usually black and octagonal in shape. This type of solar cell is made of the highest and purest grade silicon which makes them expensive. However they’re essentially the most environment friendly of all types of solar cells and are virtually always the selection of photo voltaic contractors when house is an important factor to consider in achieving the facility they wish to attain primarily based on their photo voltaic system design.

Polycrystalline PV Cells are characterised by their bluish shade and rectangular shape. These cells are manufactured in a a lot less complicated process which lowers the purity of the silicon content material and likewise lowers the efficiency of the top product.

Generally, monocrystalline cells are more efficient than polycrystalline cells but this does not imply that monocrystalline cells perform and outputs more power than polycrystalline cells. Photo voltaic cell effectivity has something to do with the scale of the cells and every solar panel or cells have an efficiency ranking primarily based on normal tests after they have been manufactured. This score is often in share and the common values range from 15% to twenty%.

2.) Glass

The glass protects the PV cells while permitting optimal sunlight to pass through. These are normally made of anti-reflective materials. Tempered glass is the choice of fabric nowadays even for unknown and new producers though there are still those who make the most of flat plate glass on their solar panels. Tempered glass are created by chemical or thermal means and is many instances stronger than plate glass making it more expensive to produce but the worth of manufacturing them right this moment is reasonable and price-effective. Flat plate glass creates sharp and long shards when damaged versus tempered glass which shatters safely in small pieces upon impact, that’s the reason additionally they call it security glass. It must be noted here that almost all amorphous solar panels makes use of flat plate glass because of the way in which the panel is constructed.

Tempered glass is what producers use in mass producing their solar panels. In our DIY project, we recommend to make use of Plexiglas also called acrylic glass which is safer than the regular normal glass out of your native hardware store. baterias It’s a bit costly than common glass however is climate resistant and doesn’t break easily. The Plexiglas will also be screwed or glued easily to the frame.